GI Number –129
Authentic Byadgi Chilli is procured from our farmer members of GI Panchayath–Kundagol, a land known for growing Quality Byadagi Chilli.
GI Panchayath: Byadgi Chilli, Kundgola
Survey Number: No 341, Kundgola, Dharwad District.
The Secret Ingredient
We all have tasted the famous Idli Sambar of South India and have definitely come across a thick chilli, but did you know that it is none other the famous Byadgi Chilli that imparts the exquisite taste to most of the South India’s famed Recipes. Byadgi Chilli has been a Secret Ingredient that imparts a perfect balance between Spiciness and Colour.
Description of Goods
Byadgi Chilli is a famous variety of chilli mainly grown in Karnataka. Named after the town Byadgi which is located in the Haveri district of Karnataka, this chilli is known for its deep red color and got the highest color value. It is not very pungent and is used in many food preparations in India. This chilli is characterized by wrinkles on the pods, low pungency and sweet flavor.
There are several types of Byadgi chilli. The two main types are The Byadgi Kaddi and Byadgi Dabbi.
The Byadgi Kaddi has a length of 10 to 15 cm, with negligible pungency. It is slender, linear, light green in color and at maturity turns to deep red color developing the characteristic wrinkles at the ripening stage. This variety possesses the highest color value and is suitable under rain fed conditions. It has its calyx covering its Pod, and is reasonably resistant to pests and diseases.
The Dyavanur Dabbi is another variant of Byadgi Dabbi type and suitable for green chilli and dry chilli purpose. The fruits are of medium length (8 to 10 cm), a little curved at the apex, and slightly bulged at the base of the calyx. This variety is more susceptible to pests and diseases. The quality parameters for the Dabbi Chilli are on the same lines as the Byadgi Kaddi.
The Dyavanur Delux is a variant of recent origin of Byadgi Dabbi and might have been selected from Dyavanur Dabbi. The fruits are similar to Dyavanur Dabbi but the size of the fruit is a little bigger and more bulged at the calyx. The fruit length ranges from 10 to 12 cm, the fruits are light green in color and turn to an attractive, shiny, deep red color on maturity. After complete drying, this variety also develops wrinkled surface on the fruit. At present, fruits of this variety are most in demand in the markets.
Noolvi Dabbi, Kubhsi Dabbi, Antur Bentur Dabbi types are some of the variants which are similar in their quality parameters including pungency and color values and widely grown in this region.
Uniqueness of Byadagi Chilli
- Bydagi chilli have got the highest color values of 150000 to 250000 CU and red in color (156.9 ASTA color units) and negligible (0.03%) in capsaicin.
- Fruits stand out by their deep red color on maturity and wrinkles on the surface.
- Fruits are 12-15 cm long and thin but not too pungent and not spicy.
- The plant grows to a height of 1m. with a spread of 1m. Leaves are thin and light green in color.
Proof of Origin
Bydagi is a small town and a Taluk head quarter in Haveri district of Karnataka state. It is not clear when chilli cultivation began in Bydagi area. According to folk tales, chillies were being cultivated in this area about 200 years ago with much concentration around Bydagi town which was then the district head quarters under British rule and is now a Taluk in Haveri District of Kamataka.
Since the days of antiquity, Bydagi has been famous for Red chilli. The vast and extensive market yard is famous as the second largest Red Chilli dealing market in the country.
The Byadgi chilli crop requires a warm and humid climate during the growing period and dry weather during the period of maturation of fruits. In areas of low rainfall it can be grown as an irrigated crop.
Byadgi chilli can be grown in varied soil types but well drained loamy soils (black and red soils rich in potash having a pH of 6.5-7.5) are ideal soils. Acidic and alkaline soils are not suitable.
- Chillies are Called as Fruits of genus Capsicum.
- Chillies have been a part of human diet since 7500 BC.
- There are over 400 varieties of Chillies in the world.
- Chilli forms an indispensable condiment in every household. Apart from imparting pungency and red color to the dishes it is a rich source of vitamins and has medicinal properties. The pungency of chilli is due to the presence of capsacin and the red color due to carotenoid pigments such as capsanthin and capsorubin. As the demand for natural pigments is growing, the demand for chilli in the world market is bound to increase.
- Chilli is mainly consumed as ground spice powder in cuisine. The Byadgi chilli is also very useful for its coloring abilities. The oil extracted from the chilli called Oleoresin is being used in food industries, confectioneries, cosmetic industry, beverage industry for toning of fresh wine, meat industry, pharmaceutical industry, poultry and cattle feed industry, and as a dye in textile industry.
- Of the total production of the chilli in the world 50% is produced in India. Out of which 70% of the production is used in India whereas 30% is exported.
Byadagi Chilli are Known to stimulate appetite, helps to clear lungs and are a Rich Source of Vitamins carotene (pro-vitamin A), C & E.
Byadagi Chilli has been registered with the Geographical Indications (GI) registry of Government of India in 2010