Guntur Sannam Chilli

GI Number –143

Description of Goods

The word Sannam in Telugu means thin or long. The very name of the chilli indicates two facts-the description of the fruit and more importantly the strong antecedents arising from Andhra Pradesh. Atleast 4 grades of Sannam Chillies are known to exist. They are,

 S.S. – Sannam Special – which is light red in color, shining, with length of 5cm and more. 

 S.G.- Sannam General – which is light red in color, shining skin, with length of 3 to 5 cm.

 S.F. – Sannam Fair – which is blackish a dull red in color with length of 3 to 5 cm.

N.S.- Non Specified – This is not a regular grade, and is meant to meet specific requirements of the buyers which are not covered under regular grades. 

Geographical Area of Production and Requirements

Guntur Sannam Chilli is cultivated, processed and made available mainly from Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. Guntur Sannam chilli requires a warm and humid climate for its growth and dry weather during period of maturation.

Proof of Origin

Sannam chilli belongs to the variety Capsicum annum. It is well-known as a commercial crop used as a condiment, culinary supplement or as a vegetable. Among the spices consumed per head in India, dried chillies contribute a major share.

Chilli was known to the Indians about 400 years ago. Globally, India stands first in the production of chilli and in India, Andhra Pradesh leads in its production. Andhra Pradesh alone commands 46% of the chilli production in India. The very fact that etymologically, the word Guntur Sannam chilli has its origin in Telugu only confirms its Andhra Pradesh origin. The word Sannam stands for thin or long in Telugu.

Uniqueness

Guntur Sannam Chilli has got its specific characteristics which have enabled it to earn international and national acclaim. Sannam chilli is generally known to trade as S4 type chilli, and is mainly used for its pungency and for the extraction and derivation of capsaicin. 

The following are the chief attributes/characteristics of Guntur Sannam Chilli: 

  • The Guntur Sannam chilli belongs to Capsicun Annum var longhum variety with long fruits (5 to 15 cm in length) and diameter range from 0.5 to 1.5 cm.
  • The chilli has thick skin.
  • The chilli is hot and pungent with average pungency of 35,000 to 40,000 SHU.
  • The chilli is red with ASTA color value of about 32.11.
  • The content of Capsaicin is about 0.226%.
  • The peak harvesting season is from December to May.
  • This chilli is rich in Vitanin C (185mg/100g) and Protein (11.98g/100g).

Interesting Facts of Guntur Sannam Chilli

  • Chillies are Called as Fruits of genus Capsicum.  
  • Chillies have been a part of human diet since 7500BC. 
  • There are over 400 varieties of Chillies in the world.
  • Christopher Columbus was the 1st Europeans to encounter Chili & called them Peppers.

Utility Value

Chilli forms an indispensable condiment in every household. Apart from imparting pungency and red color to the dishes it is a rich source of vitamins and has medicinal properties.

The pungency of chilli is due to the presence of capsacin and the red color due to carotenoid pigments such as capsanthin and capsorubin. As the demand for natural pigments is growing, the demand for chilli in the world market is bound to increase. 

Chillies contain powerful medicinal properties.  

  • Chillies act as antioxidants that fight cholesterol, diabetes, cataract, ostea and rheumatoid arthritis and they even burn calories.
  • A chilli poultice will heal sores even in an ulcerated stomach.
  • The right amount of chillies are good for kidneys, spleen and pancreas, wonderful for Lock-jaw.
  • Chillies are an excellent source of Vitamins and Minerals. Chilli fruits contain vitamins B,C and pro vitamins A (Carotene) in a fresh stage. They contain seven times more Vitamin C than an orange. 
  • Chillies with food stimulate taste buds and thereby increase the flow of saliva which contain ‘amylase’, inturn helping digestion.
  • Chillies lend a helping hand to cure Sore throats, congestion, sluggish digestion, varicose veins, ulcers, laryngitis, blood pressure, insomnia, flu and such other infections.
  • The chilli color is being used as a natural colorant in food stuff in place of synthetic dyes which are harmful. It is also used for seasoning of eggs, fish and meat preparations, sauces, chutney, pickles, sausages, etc.

Chilli is mainly consumed as ground spice powder in cuisine. The oil extracted from the chilli called Oleoresin is being used in food industries, confectioneries, cosmetic industry, beverage industry for toning of fresh wine, meat industry, pharmaceutical industry, poultry and cattle feed industry and as a dye in textile industry.

Guntur Sannam Chilli has been registered with the Geographical Indications (GI) registry of Government of India in 2009

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What is a Geographical Indication? / What is Geographical Indication Tag?For What Type of Products Geographical Indications Tag is Used?How many GI Tag products are there in India?What are GI Products?How many GI Tag Products are there in the World?Which State has the Highest GI Tags?What is GI Tag?What safeguards does the GI Law provides to the Customers?GI Tag Given by Whom?
Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign used on products to indicate its specific geographical region of Origin and its unique qualities imparted from that geographical region.
Geographical Indication Tag is conferred for Agricultural Products, Handlooms & Textiles, Foodstuffs, Wine and Spirit, Handicrafts.
As of January 2020, a total of 367 products from India have been conferred with the prestigious GI Tag Status. Check out the list of GI Tag Products in India Here.
Products that indicate a unique quality obtained from a specific region due to traditional practices, vegetation, topography are called as GI Products. These products cannot be replicated anywhere else in the world with the exact uniqueness and specialties.
In World there are around 60,000 GI Tag Products, to name a few | Champagne from the Champagne region of France | Tequila from the city of Tequila, Mexico | Swiss made Watches | Antep baklava sweet of Turkey | Parmigiano-Reggiano Cheese produced in the provinces of Parma and Reggio Emilia of Italy.
Karnataka has the highest number of GI Tagged Products.
Handicrafts |Sandur Lambani Embroidery | Kinhal Toys | Karnataka Bronzeware | Ganjifa Cards of Mysore | Navalgund Durries | Guledgudd Khana | Udupi Sarees| Mysore Silk | Bidriware | Channapatna Toys & Dolls |
Mysore Rosewood Inlay | Kasuti Embroidery | Mysore Traditional Paintings | Ilkal Sarees | Molakalmuru Sarees | Agricultural Products | Devanahalli Pomello | Appemidi Mango | Kamalapur Red Banana | Byadagi Chilli |
Udupi Mattu Gulla Brinjal | Bangalore Blue Grapes | Bangalore Rose Onion | Coorg Orange | Mysore Betel leaf | Nanjanagud Banana | Mysore Jasmine | Udupi Jasmine | Hadagali Jasmine | Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee |
Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee| Coorg Green Cardamom | Coorg Arabica Coffee | Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee | Bababudangiris Arabica Coffee| Sirsi Supari | Food / Manufactured Goods | Dharwad Pedha (Food)|
Mysore Agarbathi (Manufactured)| Mysore Sandalwood Oil (Manufactured) | Mysore Sandal soap (Manufactured)
GI (Geographical Indication) is a sign used on a product that has a specific geographical origin and possess the qualities or reputation that are due to that origin.
The GI Tag is given to safeguard customers from bogus and deceptive products being sold of having a specific geographical origin and quality even when it is made elsewhere or lack the quality.
The GI Tag ensures Authenticity and provides Imprisonment for a term of 6 months that may be extended to 2 years and a minimum fine of Rs 50,000 that may be extended to Rs 2,00,000 for selling bogus and deceptive GI Tagged products.
The Indian Parliament passed Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act in December 1999 for providing registration and protection of GI products in India. This act came into force with effect from 15 September 2003.
The Act is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is also the Registrar of Geographical Indications.

GI Tag is a sign used on products to indicate its specific geographical region of Origin and its unique qualities imparted from that geographical region.

The GI Tag is given to safeguard customers from bogus and deceptive products being sold of having a specific geographical origin and quality even when it is made elsewhere or lack the quality. The GI Tag ensures Authenticity and provides Imprisonment for a term of 6 months that may be extended to 2 years and a minimum fine of Rs 50,000 that may be extended to Rs 2,00,000 for selling bogus and deceptive GI Tagged products.

The Indian Parliament passed Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act in December 1999 for providing registration and protection of GI products in India. This act came into force with effect from 15 September 2003.

The Act is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is also the Registrar of Geographical Indications.

Products that indicate a unique quality obtained from a specific region due to traditional practices, vegetation, topography are called as GI Products. These products cannot be replicated anywhere else in the world with the exact uniqueness and specialties.

Karnataka has the highest number of GI Tagged Products.
Handicrafts |Sandur Lambani Embroidery | Kinhal Toys | Karnataka Bronzeware | Ganjifa Cards of Mysore | Navalgund Durries | Guledgudd Khana | Udupi Sarees| Mysore Silk | Bidriware | Channapatna Toys & Dolls | Mysore Rosewood Inlay | Kasuti Embroidery | Mysore Traditional Paintings | Ilkal Sarees | Molakalmuru Sarees | Agricultural Products | Devanahalli Pomello | Appemidi Mango | Kamalapur Red Banana | Byadagi Chilli | Udupi Mattu Gulla Brinjal | Bangalore Blue Grapes | Bangalore Rose Onion | Coorg Orange | Mysore Betel leaf | Nanjanagud Banana | Mysore Jasmine | Udupi Jasmine | Hadagali Jasmine | Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee | Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee| Coorg Green Cardamom | Coorg Arabica Coffee | Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee | Bababudangiris Arabica Coffee| Sirsi Supari | Food / Manufactured Goods | Dharwad Pedha (Food)| Mysore Agarbathi (Manufactured)| Mysore Sandalwood Oil (Manufactured) | Mysore Sandal soap (Manufactured)

As of January 2020, a total of 367 products from India have been conferred with the prestigious GI Tag Status. Check out the list of GI Tag Products in India Here.

GITAGGED is a “one stop store” of celebrated products having geographical origin (Geographical Indications Tag) Status. Our customers need not travel to a place to buy its renowned products, for we procure, produce and market GI Tag products and adhere to the requirements as mentioned in the GI registry. Hence our motto “from the very land to your hand”.

Geographical Indication Tag is conferred for Agricultural Products, Handlooms & Textiles, Foodstuffs, Wine and Spirit, Handicrafts.

Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign used on products to indicate its specific geographical region of Origin and its unique qualities imparted from that geographical region.

In World there are around 60,000 GI Tag Products, to name a few | Champagne from the Champagne region of France | Tequila from the city of Tequila, Mexico | Swiss made Watches | Antep baklava sweet of Turkey | Parmigiano-Reggiano Cheese produced in the provinces of Parma and Reggio Emilia of Italy.

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